THE OBSERVATORY 2019
Munkeruphus Art Museum, in the northern part of Zealand in Denmark, commissioned Simon Hjermind Jensen to create an architectural landmark for the adjacent park. The project marks the beginning of the museums long-term activities with art and nature related projects in the park.
The functional outcome is an open structure for everyone to use, with an inside space for social events and activities. The project is called “The Observatory” to reflect the projects awareness for the place and the different situations.
The project is supported by The Danish Arts Foundation and Knud Højgaards Fond.
Please scroll down for further description.
Hjermind Jensen started the design process with a 24 hour stay on the site. He recalls: “I was curious to have a lot of time to sense and experience the site, both in daylight and after nightfall. I enjoyed observing the path of the sun and the moon, and I experienced a presence in these observations.” During his stay he created a ceramic model of the project, and he chose a site for it. This model and the chosen site, combined with his observations of the sun and the moon, became the base of the project.
Here, like other Hjermind Jensen architectural projects, he uses a distinct construction technique which is inspired by the craft of the tailor. Like the tailor he joins two-dimensional pieces into three-dimensional objects. And the pattern making is just as essential for him as it is for the tailor.
Back at the studio, he continued the work with ceramic models based on the model he made at the stay on the site. He drew his constructional pattern directly on the model. And after 3D scanning the model, he recreated the pattern with parametrical vector lines in the computer. Between these vector lines he created single curved surfaces which via software he unrolled into flat shells that were fabricated using CNC technology. On the site these shells, made of plywood and polycarbonate, were bent into place and attached to each other with special made joinings, inspired by silhouettes of leaves.
The inside of the Observatory is cave-like and sacral at the same time, cave-like because of its organic and asymmetrical appearance, and sacral because of its light coming from above and its remarkable acoustic. A wooden bench runs along the walls and can accommodate 25 people. It is filled up with gravel to ground the whole project with weight. And in the middle of the earthen floor is moulded a podium in concrete. This podium can be used as a stage for performance or for having a bonfire. The opening in the top, which is called an oculus in architectural terms, leads out the smoke from the bonfire. This oculus is tilted towards the south where the sun culminates daily, and where the moon culminates when it is full. And like the characters of our surroundings changes and shift from day to night the Observatory changes too, especially when a bonfire is lit after nightfall: The inside spatial experience changes with the light coming from the ground, and seen from the outside the upper part glows in a pink colour created from the light from the flames.
The final structure is very strong and stable. This is due to the curves which occur between the shells. The strength of this construction technique minimizes the use of materials, and therefore it is possible to build The Observatory 5,7 m tall with only 4-9 mm thick walls.
1. Initial ceramic sketch and inspiration images from the Son Doong Cave in Vietnam. 2. A clay model made on the 24 hour stay at the site. 3. The clay model depict on the chosen location. 4. More ceramic models made in the studio. 5. The constructional pattern is drawn on the final model. 6. The model is scanned and the pattern is recreated with parametric vector lines. 7. Single curved surfaces are created between the vector lines. 8. The surfaces are unrolled into flat shells.